standard entropy

standard entropy
стандартная энтропия

English-Russian dictionary of chemistre. 2014.

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  • Standard molar entropy — In chemistry, the standard molar entropy is the entropy content of one mole of substance, under standard conditions (not standard temperature and pressure STP).The standard molar entropy is usually given the symbol S o, and the units joules per… …   Wikipedia

  • Entropy of vaporization — The entropy of vaporization is the increase in entropy when vaporizing a substance. This is always positive since the degree of disorder increases in the transition from an organized crystalline solid or a slightly less organized liquid to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Entropy — En tro*py, n. [Gr. ? a turning in; ? in + ? a turn, fr. ? to turn.] (Thermodynamics) A certain property of a body, expressed as a measurable quantity, such that when there is no communication of heat the quantity remains constant, but when heat… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Entropy — This article is about entropy in thermodynamics. For entropy in information theory, see Entropy (information theory). For a comparison of entropy in information theory with entropy in thermodynamics, see Entropy in thermodynamics and information… …   Wikipedia

  • Entropy (information theory) — In information theory, entropy is a measure of the uncertainty associated with a random variable. The term by itself in this context usually refers to the Shannon entropy, which quantifies, in the sense of an expected value, the information… …   Wikipedia

  • Entropy (computing) — In computing, entropy is the randomness collected by an operating system or application for use in cryptography or other uses that require random data. This randomness is often collected from hardware sources, either pre existing ones such as… …   Wikipedia

  • Entropy (energy dispersal) — The thermodynamic concept of entropy can be described qualitatively as a measure of energy dispersal (energy distribution) at a specific temperature. Changes in entropy can be quantitatively related to the distribution or the spreading out of the …   Wikipedia

  • Standard state — In chemistry, the standard state of a material is its state at 1 bar (100 kilopascals exactly). This pressure was changed from 1 atm (101.325 kilopascals) by IUPAC in 1990. [GoldBookRef | file = S05910 | title = standard conditions for gases] The …   Wikipedia

  • entropy — Heat Heat (h[=e]t), n. [OE. hete, h[ae]te, AS. h[=ae]tu, h[=ae]to, fr. h[=a]t hot; akin to OHG. heizi heat, Dan. hede, Sw. hetta. See {Hot}.] 1. A force in nature which is recognized in various effects, but especially in the phenomena of fusion… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Orders of magnitude (entropy) — The following list shows different orders of magnitude of entropy. Factor (J K−1) Value Item 10−24 9.5699×10−24 J K−1 entropy equivalent of one bit of information, = k ln 2[1] 1 5.74 J K−1 standard entropy of 1 mole of graphite …   Wikipedia

  • Maximum entropy probability distribution — In statistics and information theory, a maximum entropy probability distribution is a probability distribution whose entropy is at least as great as that of all other members of a specified class of distributions. According to the principle of… …   Wikipedia


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